What Is Panchakarma

What is Panchakarma

Panchakarma is a five step full mind-body healing, detoxifying and rejuvenation therapy using ancient science of Ayurveda. Panchakarma restores the mind-body constitution and inner balance through a series of therapies specific to the prakriti or body constitution of the person.

Panchakarma is one of the main pillars of Ayurveda.

“Mother of all healing”, as often referred, Ayurveda is a 5000 year old practice dating back to vedic times. Ayurveda is not a treatment, it's a lifestyle. The principles of life in ayurveda is driven by the combination of mental, physical and spiritual wellbeing. These principles drives the main pillars of ayurveda which are Diagnosis, Ayurvedic Medications, Panchakarma, Vedic Diet, Therapeutic Yoga and Transcendental Meditation.

Panchakarma follows the ayurvedic way of natural healing. At first panchakarma identifies the keys to each individual nature. In Ayurveda a body has three types of Energies or Dosha i.e Vata, Pitta, and Kapha. These dosha are derived from five elements which constitutes the universe. Let’s look into very brief details about each of these doshas factors influencing it and the functions it carries out.


Vata reflects elements influenced by the qualities of space and air. Vata governs all the major flows, diffusions and movements, vital to the body and mind. Vata controls blood flow, breathing, elimination of wastes, and the flow of thoughts in the mind.


Pitta involves qualities reflecting elements of fire and water. Pitta steers metabolism, metamorphosis and the heat generated in the body. Pitta Controls how we metabolize the things we intake, it maybe food, perceptions or the energies influencing us.


Kapha reflects qualities from the combination of water and earth. Kapha oversees all structure and lubrication needed for the mind and the body. It controls weight, development, lubrications for the joints and lungs, and arrangement of all the seven tissues — fluids, blood, fat, muscles, bones, marrow and reproductive tissues.

Panchakarma Treatment

Panchakarma removes excess dosha from your body and maintains equilibrium. Panchakarma experience comprises of massages with medicated oils & powders, cleansing enemas, steam baths, shirodhara, ayurvedic diet, yoga and other detoxification processes. Panchakarma is a continuous process. Each individual has a different alignment of Dosha. Depending on the type of Dosha an individual has, Panchakarma may vary from 3 to 21 days as prescribed by the Vaidya’s.

At Maharishi Ayurveda, we believe in treating the root cause of the disease in line with our mission to create a “disease free society”. Panchakarma is a vital part of that mission. According to Ayurveda disorders in the body and mind is the primary result of imbalances and toxins (ama) that accumulated over time. Panchakarma in Maharishi Ayurveda is a holistic experience for Mind and Body perfected with years of experience and expertise of over 30+ years.

Panchakarma at Maharishi Ayurveda starts with a routine examination which involves three main course of action - Darshana, Sparsh and Prashna. After these procedures our Vaidya has a clear idea about the type of therapies, if required, to be given to the patient.

Each patient is recommended therapies according to the results of the routine examination. However, we do a prescribed format for panchakarma therapy for total mind-body detoxification and rejuvenation.

The integral parts includes 5 major procedures – Vaman (Emesis), Virchana (Purgation), Anuvasan Vasti (Oil Enema), Shodhan Vasti (Decoction Enema), Nasya (Nasal Medication).

Vaman (Emesis)

Also known as medical emesis or medical vomiting used to treat disorders related to kapha dosha. Kapha is responsible for liquidity and all structures. As part of Purvakarma (preparatory measure), internal oleation and svedana (sweating) is done.

The Treatment is preferably done early in the morning. A special medicated fluid is given to the patient to initiate the emesis. Throughout the procedure, the patient is soothed with gentle massage with downward strokes in the back. The toxins and waste are eliminated through the upper part of GI Tract. After the emesis,gentle massages are given to relax the body. Complete rest is advised after undergoing the Emesis.

Virchana (Purgation)

Virchana is associated with cleansing the clutter and disorders caused by Pitta Dosha. In Virchana therapy, wastes and toxins are eliminated through the rectum.

Virchana involves intake of ayurvedic medicines and herbs to tear down toxins and stimulate the abdomen. The Medicines will vary with each individual. Before the intake of medicines, purvakarma is followed. In Purvakarma, the patient administered with oleation, Heat treatment and a diet is prescribed as per the dosha .

After the therapy, the patient is advised to take complete rest and stay warm.

Anuvasan Basti (Oil Enema)

Anuvasana vasti or oil enema is used to cleanse disorders occurring from Vata Dosha. Medicated oils are administered through the intra-rectal route to initiate anuvasan basti. The concentration and amount of oil vary according to the condition of the patient.

As part of purvakarma, the patient is given a strong lower abdominal massages to loosen toxins and prepare the body for the therapy. Toxins and waste are eventually excreted. The patient is given lukewarm water during the entire therapy.

After the therapy, patient is advised complete rest.

Shodhan Basti (Decoction Enema)

Shodhan Vasti helps you cleanse your body. Shodhan Vasti done in when there is no load on the stomach. After the Purvakarma, the patient is given medicated the decoction prepared with ayurveda medicines and herbs that act as purging agents. Eliminating toxins and cleansing the lower tracts of the body is the main function of Shodhan Vasti.

After the therapy the patient is given light food and advised to take rest.

Nasya (Nasal Medication)

Nasya involves introducing oil and medicines into the head by nasal passages.

The Medication spreads through blood circulation after it is absorbed through the mucous membrane. Nasya is administered on an empty stomach. Balancing for vata, pitta, and kapha, Nasya Oil is also traditionally said to improve quality of voice, strengthen vision and promote mental clarity.

Nasya Oil soothes and protects the nasal passages and helps relieve sinus congestion. Nasya can be done repetitively. The number of days may vary according to the recommendation by the Vaidya.

After Nasya, the patient is advised to avoid pollution and heavy food.

Panchakarma is the most essential part of ayurveda. It can never be done with details gathered only from the web or references from a book or an article. Panchakarma requires proper guidance and expert practitioners to execute the procedures. Panchakarma differs with each dosha and each person has different alignment of dosha in their body. So, it is highly required to carry out panchakarma under expert guidance and constant supervision.

Maharishi Ayurveda, India’s first Ayurveda global brand to launch panchakarma worldwide has all clinically tested products and procedures. Maharishi Ayurveda had the privilege to teach Ayurveda over 3000+ doctors worldwide. We strive to provide the most authentic ayurveda experience and therapies. Contact us today to get the Best Panchakarma Treatment in Delhi.