Three Doshas

Three Doshas in the Body

Our body is the result of the intrinsic memory and the interactions it had with the elements forming this universe.

According to ancient science of ayurveda, a human body is constituted by doshas which derives its energy from the regulating forces in nature. The elements influencing the doshas are called Pancha Mahabhutas i.e Air, Water, Fire, Earth and Space. These elements are found in everyone and everywhere but in quantity distinct to each other. The combination of these elements forms different climates, different environments and different doshas.

Vata, Pitta & Kapha

Three Doshas In Ayurveda


Dosha Elements Characteristics
Vata Air + Space Prana
Pitta Fire+ Water Tejas
Kapha Water + Earth Ojas


Vata Dosha Ayurveda Panchakarma

Considered the most influential amongst the three doshas, Vata is made of qualities derived from the Elements - Air and Space. Vata is very much like the elements which it is influenced by - it is light, cool, dry in nature and constantly moving.

Vata has Five Sub Doshas which governs many Regulative and Transformative functions.

Prana Vata: Controls Breathing & Perceptions through the Senses. It also controls qualities like enthusiasm, creativity and mindfulness.

Udana Vata: Controls thoughts, speech, enthusiasm, strength and vitality.

Samana Vata: Controls movements in the digestive tracts.

Apana Vata: Controls movements and impulses in excretion, menstruation and sexual.

Vyana Vata: Controls blood flow and pulsation in the body.

Vata predominant bodies tend to be light, their bones thin, and their skin and hair dry. Their Hands and feet are prone to get cold easily. They are usually found to be quite enthusiastic and possess creative mind. Be sure to carefully listen to them as they tend to move and speak quickly.

When vata is out of balance, the person may be easily confused and subdued. They become more stressful and are often struck by fear and anxiety. Vata imbalances in a person in also characterized to have trouble focusing and making decisions. Sleeplessness is also associated with Vata Imbalance.

Vata Dosha can be balanced with opposing qualities. Vata dosha is cool, light, and dry and it benefits from things opposite in qualities like warmth, heaviness, moistness, and stability. Foods that are heavy in nature and easy to digest must be preferred as it can warm up the senses and create a balance. People with imbalance of Vata dosha is recommended to have a regular routine with adequate sleep.


Pitta Dosha Ayurveda Panchakarma

Pitta dosha derives its quality from elements fire and water. It’s governs metabolism and all things relating to heat and energy in the body. Pitta is the dosha of transformation. People with a predominant pitta nature have many qualities of fire. They are sharp, penetrating and generally possess athletic build. Pitta is also associated to be volatile and oily. The oily nature of Pitta is related to the secondary component of water. People with a Pitta nature reflect these qualities.

The Five Subdoshas of Pitta Pitta governs metabolism and transformation mind and body.

They are as follows.

Alochaka Pitta: Controls the functioning of the eyes.

Bhrajaka Pitta: Controls the health and rejuvenation of skin.

Sadhaka Pitta: Controls the emotional drive, desires, and spirituality.

Pachaka Pitta: Controls digestion, absorption, and breakdown of nutrients.

Ranjaka Pitta: Controls detoxification of blood.

People with Pitta dominance are highly focused, courageous, energetic, problem solving and to the point.

However they can be intense and very aggressive at times. Their body remains warm and skin sensitive. Pitta dominance may cause in people the tendency for heated emotions of anger, ego and jealousy.

Pitta imbalance is treated with treatments and methods opposite to its fiery qualities. Opposing qualities of coolness, and dryness is used. Food and spices with cooling effect like raw vegetables, wheat, sweet herbs, fennels, etc are used. Yoga, Meditation and Panchakarma therapies help keep pitta imbalances in check.


Kapha Dosha Ayurveda Panchakarma

Kapha is made of qualities derived from the Elements - Water and Air. Like these elements, kapha tends to be cold, moist and stable. People with Kapha dominance have dense body, heavy bones, large build and low metabolism.

Tarpaka Kapha: Controls liquidity and moisture for nose, mouth, eyes and brain.

Bhodaka Kapha: Controls sensory perceptions through taste.

Kledaka Kapha: Controls mucous and moisture in the gut and stomach lining.

Avalambaka Kapha: Controls and supports the functioning of heart, muscles, healthy lungs.

Shleshaka Kapha: Controls lubrication of the joints.

The qualities of water and earth reflect in their personality. They like stability and are averse to quick changes and fluctuations. They are known to handle stress very well.

Kapha imbalances can cause the person to gain weight. It is also attributed to cause congestion in the lungs and hence resulting in breathing problems. Kapha predominant people don't tend to change and this comfort can cause a lot of lifestyle disorders.

Like all the other doshas, Kapha Dosha can be balanced by imbibing opposing qualities of being light, dry and warm. Panchakarma can help clear Kapha Dosha. Yoga, Meditation and a strict routine would also clear many of the Kapha Dosha disorders created due to disturbed lifestyle. Hot Spices and food like Pepper, Turmeric, and Ginger are beneficial. Decreased Salt and Nuts would also help balance the Dosha. Lighter Fruits are recommended.

All the three doshas constitute our prakriti or body constitution. Maintaining a balance of all the doshas creates an idealistic individual resistant to disorders, diseases and emotional ups & downs. Treatments like Panchakarma , Yoga, & Meditation in Ayurveda can not only help balance these dosha but also rejuvenate our spirits

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